In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur equipment takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is one way planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In nearly all cases the casing is fixed. The generating sun pinion is certainly in the center of the ring gear, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system in order to provide the mechanical link with the engine shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between the sunlight pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth does not have any effect on the tranny ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Increasing the amount of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since only area of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The advantage of a planetary equipment compared to a single spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear includes a continuous size, different ratios could be realized by different the amount of teeth of sunlight gear and the number of the teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun gear, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is usually approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary levels in series in the same ring gear. In cases like this, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a band gear that is not fixed but is driven in any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to repair the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in lots of areas of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmitting ratios may also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox in which parallel shafts and gears set up from manual equipment box are replaced with more compact and more dependable sun and planetary kind of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power train is certainly replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which produced the transmission automatic.
The idea of epicyclic gear box is taken from the solar system which is considered to an ideal arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Reverse, Drive, Sport) modes which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears based on the require of the drive.
Ever-Power Planetary Equipment Motors are an inline answer providing high torque at low speeds. Our Planetary Gear Motors provide a high efficiency and offer excellent torque output in comparison with other types of gear motors. They can manage a various load with minimal backlash and are greatest for intermittent duty procedure. With endless reduction ratio choices, voltages, and sizes, Ever-Power Products has a fully tailored gear motor solution for you.
A Planetary Gear Motor from Ever-Power Items features among our numerous kinds of DC motors in conjunction with among our uniquely designed epicyclic or planetary gearheads. A planetary gearhead contains an internal gear (sun gear) that drives multiple outer gears (planet gears) generating torque. Multiple contact points over the planetary gear teach allows for higher torque generation in comparison to one of our spur gear motors. Subsequently, an Ever-Power planetary gear motor has the ability to handle numerous load requirements; the more equipment stages (stacks), the higher the strain distribution and torque transmitting.
Features and Benefits
High Torque Capabilities
Sleek Inline Design
High Efficiency
Ability to Handle Large Reduction Ratios
High Power Density
Applications
Our Planetary Equipment Motors deliver exceptional torque result and efficiency in a concise, low noise design. These characteristics furthermore to our value-added features makes Ever-Power s gear motors a fantastic choice for all motion control applications.
Robotics
Industrial Automation
Dental Chairs
Rotary Tables
Pool Chair Lifts
Exam Room Tables
Massage Chairs
Packaging Eqipment
Labeling Eqipment
Laser Cutting Machines
Industrial Textile Machinery
Conveying Systems
Test & Measurement Equipment
Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV)
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The elements of a planetary gear train can be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In nearly all cases the housing is fixed. The generating sun pinion is definitely in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system in order to provide the mechanical connection to the engine shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the band gear. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets may also vary. As the amount of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque that can be transmitted. Increasing the amount of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since only area of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is incredibly efficient. The benefit of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a continuous size, different ratios can be realized by various the amount of teeth of sunlight gear and the amount of the teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun gear, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage can be approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting many planetary levels in series in the same band gear. In this instance, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a band gear that’s not fixed but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to repair the drive shaft in order to pick up the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmitting ratios can also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in commercial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options because of mixture of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
On the surface, it may appear that gears are being “reduced” in quantity or size, which is partially true. When a rotary machine such as for example an engine or electric motor needs the result speed decreased and/or torque improved, gears are commonly utilized to accomplish the desired result. Gear “reduction” particularly refers to the swiftness of the rotary machine; the rotational speed of the rotary machine is certainly “reduced” by dividing it by a gear ratio greater than 1:1. A gear ratio greater than 1:1 can be achieved whenever a smaller gear (reduced size) with fewer number of the teeth meshes and drives a larger gear with greater amount of teeth.
Gear reduction has the opposite influence on torque. The rotary machine’s result torque is increased by multiplying the torque by the gear ratio, less some efficiency losses.
While in lots of applications gear decrease reduces speed and improves torque, in various other applications gear decrease is used to improve rate and reduce torque. Generators in wind generators use gear reduction in this fashion to convert a relatively slow turbine blade swiftness to a higher speed capable of producing electricity. These applications make use of gearboxes that are assembled opposite of these in applications that reduce speed and increase torque.
How is gear decrease achieved? Many reducer types can handle attaining gear reduction including, but not limited by, parallel shaft, planetary and right-position worm gearboxes. In parallel shaft gearboxes (or reducers), a pinion gear with a certain number of the teeth meshes and drives a more substantial gear with a lot more teeth. The “reduction” or equipment ratio is usually calculated by dividing the amount of the teeth on the large gear by the amount of teeth on the tiny gear. For instance, if an electric motor drives a 13-tooth pinion equipment that meshes with a 65-tooth equipment, a reduced amount of 5:1 is achieved (65 / 13 = 5). If the electric motor speed is definitely 3,450 rpm, the gearbox reduces this quickness by five occasions to 690 rpm. If the engine torque is usually 10 lb-in, the gearbox boosts this torque by one factor of five to 50 lb-in (before subtracting out gearbox performance losses).
Parallel shaft gearboxes many times contain multiple gear units thereby increasing the apparatus reduction. The full total gear decrease (ratio) is determined by multiplying each individual equipment ratio from each equipment set stage. If a gearbox consists of 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1 gear models, the total ratio is 60:1 (3 x 4 x 5 = 60). Inside our example above, the 3,450 rpm electric motor would have its speed reduced to 57.5 rpm by using a 60:1 gearbox. The 10 lb-in electric electric motor torque would be risen to 600 lb-in (before performance losses).
If a pinion equipment and its mating equipment have the same amount of teeth, no reduction occurs and the gear ratio is 1:1. The gear is called an idler and its principal function is to improve the direction of rotation instead of decrease the speed or boost the torque.
Calculating the apparatus ratio in a planetary gear reducer is less intuitive since it is dependent upon the number of teeth of sunlight and band gears. The planet gears become idlers and don’t affect the gear ratio. The planetary equipment ratio equals the sum of the number of teeth on sunlight and ring equipment divided by the number of teeth on sunlight gear. For example, a planetary set with a 12-tooth sun gear and 72-tooth ring gear has a gear ratio of 7:1 ([12 + 72]/12 = 7). Planetary gear pieces can achieve ratios from about 3:1 to about 11:1. If more equipment reduction is necessary, additional planetary stages can be used.
The gear decrease in a right-angle worm drive would depend on the number of threads or “starts” on the worm and the amount of teeth on the mating worm wheel. If the worm has two starts and the mating worm wheel offers 50 teeth, the resulting equipment ratio is 25:1 (50 / 2 = 25).
Whenever a rotary machine such as for example an engine or electric motor cannot supply the desired output swiftness or torque, a equipment reducer may provide a great choice. Parallel shaft, planetary, right-angle worm drives are common gearbox types for achieving gear reduction. Contact Groschopp today with all of your gear reduction questions.