Three phase induction motors have a very simple construction made up of a stator protected with electromagnets, and a rotor made up of conductors shorted at each end, arranged as a “squirrel cage”. They focus on the basic principle of induction in which a rotating electro-magnetic field it created through the use of a three-phase current at the stators electromagnets. This in turn induces a current in the rotor’s conductors, which in turns creates rotor’s magnetic field that tries to check out stator’s magnetic field, pulling the rotor into Induction Motor china rotation.

Great things about AC Induction Motors are:

Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. They are better quality and can operate in virtually any environmental condition

Induction motors are cheaper in expense because of simple rotor construction, absence of brushes, commutators, and slip rings

They are free of maintenance motors unlike dc motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings

Induction motors can be operated in polluted and explosive conditions as they don’t have brushes which can cause sparks

AC Induction motors are Asynchronous Devices and therefore the rotor will not turn at the exact same speed because the stator’s rotating magnetic field. Some difference in the rotor and stator speed is necessary in order to generate the induction into the rotor. The difference between your two is named the slip. Slip should be kept within an optimal range in order for the motor to use efficiently. Roboteq AC Induction controllers could be configured to operate in one of three modes:

Scallar (or Volts per Hertz): an Open up loop mode where a command causes a simultaneous, fixed-ratio Frequency and Voltage modify.

Controlled Slip: a Shut Loop speed where voltage and frequency are managed in order to keep slip within a narrow range while running at a desired speed.

Field Oriented Control (Vector Drive): a Closed Loop Velocity and Torque control that functions by optimizing the rotating field of the stator vs. this of the induced field in the rotor.

Find this video from Learning Engineering for a visual illustration about how AC Induction Motors are constructed and work.